Spiral to Surveillance: The Effect of INGOs on Levels of Peacekeeper Malfeasance
with Morgan Barney
Over the last twenty years, the literature has sought to understand the conditions in which peacekeeping operations (PKOs) take place and the efficacy of their presence. Much of the current work has focused on PKOs’ relationship to civilians in the context of civil conflict but less is understood about the quality of the peacekeeping missions themselves. If PKOs commit human rights abuses, how might this behavior be deterred in the domestic context? We theorize the presence of INGOs provide both a monitoring and socializing effect on PKOs. Using the PKAT and TSMO datasets, we analyze all peacekeeping missions from 2007-2013. The findings from this paper describe the function which INGOs serve in relationship to PKOs as they operate together in politically unstable and transitioning regions.
Impact of UN Peacekeeping on the Strategic Escalation of Force by Belligerents
How does the announcement of a UN PKO influence the use of force used by insurgent groups in civil conflict? In this project, I hypothesize that after a mandate is passed in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), but before peacekeepers are on the ground, insurgents will strategically increase their use of force on the battlefield and against civilians to maximize access to resources before the PKO arrives. Using a regression discontinuity design I examine all PKOs from 2000-2018, and find that insurgent groups increase the use of force against civilians after UNSC announcement of peacekeeping intervention.